Archived: Situation Reports – April 25th-May 15th 2015

Magnitude 7.3 Situation Analysis – May 12th, 2015
Flash Update – May 12th, 2015
UNICEF: Humanitarian SitRep – May 11th, 2015

These are situation reports from the field.
Source: UN-Office of the Resident Coordinator in Nepal

Humanity Road- Nepal
Social Media Situation Reports

Social Media Situation Report #12 – May 12th, 2015
Social Media Situation Report #11 – May 5th, 2015
Social Media Situation Report #10 – May 4th, 2015
Social Media Situation Report #8 – May 2nd, 2015

Status Snapshots-Miscellaneous

EU-Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection – ECHO Crisis Flash #14 – May 13th, 2015

OCHA: Who Does What, Where and When – May 8th, 2015

OCHA: Key Immediate Needs – May 5th, 2015

Live Rescues made by International Urban Search and Rescue Teams – May 4th, 2015

Death & Injuries by District – May 3rd, 2015

Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) Team Snapshot – May 1st, 2015

Early Recovery Cluster: Situation Reports

Situation Report 8: May 14th, 2015
Situation Report 6: May 11th, 2015
Situation Report 5: May 8th, 2015

About: Health Emergency Operation Centre (HEOC)

Coordination and information management becomes a major challenge in the event of or immediately following a large scale disaster. To address this issue, Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) established the National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) in December 2010 as a coordination and communication point for disaster information across Nepal. In the same line and with the objective of further strengthening the health sector response capacity, EHA WHO proposed to establish Health Emergency Operation Centre as a central command and control facility for the effective administration of emergency preparedness and disaster management in any emergency situation. As a result, MoHP, in 2012, decided (Secretary level decision, dated 12 January 2012) to establish HEOC within the MoHP premises.

HEOC will operate under the Curative Service Division and function as a high level operational centre for the MoHP’s various divisions, such as Department of Health Services particularly Epidemiology and Disease Control Division. HEOC will host necessary resources and data for effective coordination and response during emergencies. During emergency, the centre will function 24/7 with trained and dedicated staff. HEOC will be equipped with communication material such as telephone, mobile, internet, satellite phones, etc. In addition, it will consist of all information technology for communicating and coordinating with NEOC, Central Referral Hospitals, Regional hospitals, etc. so that HEOC can update data regularly and coordinate disaster response appropriately.

In addition to the immediate response and management of health related implication of any disaster, HEOC will also play a pivotal role in maintaining operational linkages between health sector preparedness and response mechanism and the existing and emerging institutions/mechanisms of community, district, regional and the central level disaster risk management initiatives. For example, HEOC as the operational hub during emergency and non-emergency setting, will build on and update the policies, strategies, planning tools, database etc for the health sector emergency preparedness, response and rehabilitation.

About: Humanitarian-Military Operations Coordination Centre (HuMOCC)

The Humanitarian-Military Operations Coordination Centre (HuMOCC) is established as part of the Nepal Earthquake response operation. Meetings will take place on Monday, Wednesday and Friday at the Multinational Military Coordination Center (MNMCC) at 8.30am. The HuMOCC objective is to provide a predictable humanitarian-military coordination platform. Complementary to the OSOCC, the HuMOCC aims to provide the physical space dedicated to facilitating the interface between humanitarian and military actors present in country. This is the “space” where humanitarian capacity gaps during the critical period emanating from the OSOCC, Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) or clusters could be temporarily filled-up by available military capacity.

The HuMOCC will also serve as a one-stop shop for information-sharing and update, task sharing and division, and shared/joint planning on humanitarian needs and gaps (actual, anticipated or projected) and available military capacity on the ground. The HuMOCC services are geared towards optimising the use of available military assets to support humanitarian priorities in critically affected locations. The HuMOCC will deliver the following services in support of the Government of Nepal to proactively address anticipated humanitarian-military operational coordination needs:

Provide a predictable and effective coordination mechanism on the ground that avoids the establishment of ad-hoc and/or intermediate civil-military coordination platforms that creates duplication, confusion and additional chaos;

Facilitate access to rapid and comprehensive assessment information that identify priorities, needs, and requirements that are made the basis of operational planning of national and international efforts, including the use of FMA;

Contribute to establishing a needs-based and demand-driven system that effectively and efficiently matches the requirements and gaps identified on the ground with appropriate foreign military assets and capacity;

Advise, as timely as possible, on the appropriate FMA to be deployed into the affected State and share priority locations for FMA deployment/coverage based on the NEOC’s priorities;

Contribute to achieving and maintaining common situational awareness that can be shared amongst all actors responding to the disaster in a coherent and systematic manner;

Facilitate effective and consistent sharing of information between humanitarian and military actors;

Raise awareness and understanding among humanitarian organisations and military actors of the humanitarian civil-military coordination (UN-CMCoord) function;

Facilitate identification of realistic indicators and benchmarks, including evaluation criteria and triggers for transition from military to civilian assets as well as drawdown and redeployment of military forces.

For further information, please contact the UN-CMCoord team at the following email address:

To report access or issues which impede the delivery of humanitarian assistance, or other securiy incidents, please use the dedicated form uploaded on this page and submit it to the following address: (cc:

Monsoons Near, Nepal Focuses on Sanitation to Stem Illness After Quake


PAUWATHOK, Nepal — After years of intense effort, officials here in rural Sindhupalchok district had persuaded almost all of the nearly 61,000 households to each build a toilet. Then the earthquake struck, destroying most houses — and the very toilets that could have helped stave off the diseases that can run rampant after natural disasters.
Now, instead of celebrating a public health triumph, residents are holding services for their dead and digging through the rubble to find more bodies. And relief workers are pouring into the district, hoping to salvage the remarkable progress in improving hygiene made here in recent years.

“There will be outbreaks of cholera and other diseases,” said Antti Rautavaara, chief of water, sanitation and hygiene for Unicef in Nepal. “It is a battle we cannot win. We can only try to minimize the pain and death.”
Two weeks have passed since a magnitude 7.8 earthquake devastated large swaths of this mountainous country, killing more than 7,900 people and injuring more than 17,000. Nepal’s government and charitable organizations are racing to beat monsoon season, which begins in about six weeks, to get tents and food to as many as 800,000 Nepalis whose homes are uninhabitable. But they say an equally urgent task is to provide clean water and toilets before the rains make the poor sanitary environment in these devastated areas far worse by carrying contamination into water supplies and making direct contact with fecal bacteria almost inevitable.

Small outbreaks of diarrhea have been reported across Nepal since the earthquake, and although such outbreaks are routine here, they have raised worries that the quake’s aftermath is at least partly to blame. But getting residents to consider building more toilets amid the devastation has not been easy. About every fourth house in Chautara, among the district’s largest villages, is rubble. Most of those still standing are leaning precariously or have slid down the hill. The road through town is a narrow pathway choked with the red dust of pulverized bricks.

A sign still standing at one end of town declares, “To Defecate In Open Areas Is To Commit A Crime.” But in interviews, many residents said the destruction had forced them to return to that now-criminalized practice.
Chameli Giri, 45, is one. Standing on a pile of rubble and wood that was once her house in the nearby village of Pauwathok, an eye-watering stench from the family’s crushed goats rising around her, Ms. Giri made it clear that her worries were more immediate. She and her seven children were all living in a jury-rigged lean-to next to the family’s surviving livestock; the night before, she had heard a tiger. She feared thieves. For the moment, she said gesturing toward the hillside, the family would have to make do with the outdoors.
“What else can we do?” she said.

More than 80 charities and government agencies have poured into Nepal since the quake to work on its well-documented water and sanitation problems. Nepal’s water ministry has held routine meetings with them in its biggest conference room, which is still not large enough to accommodate the scores of people who show up in T-shirts and vests emblazoned with the bright-colored logos of their organizations.

They are coming to a country that was already among the world’s most unsanitary, with a 2011 government survey finding that 45 percent of Nepalis did not use toilets, one reason 82 percent of drinking water supplies are contaminated with fecal bacteria. A study found that about 11 percent of Nepali children have diarrhea at any given moment, which contributes to the stunting that affects more than a third of the nation’s children, according to government figures.

“The risk is that an already bad situation gets much worse,” said Mr. Rautavaara of Unicef. “But at the same time, this is a massive opportunity for the sanitation movement.” Before the earthquake, Unicef had intended to spend $25 million over four years aiding the government in its sanitation efforts. Now, the United Nations intends to dole out $63 million in water and sanitation grants for work that must be completed within three months, if international donations meet hopes.

Some of the money will be spent on providing and constructing temporary pit latrines — each a hole in the ground with a small booth above it. Stacks of the materials for the latrines have been appearing in district headquarters across Nepal, courtesy of aid organizations like Oxfam. The government’s goal is to quickly build one such latrine for every 50 male residents and another for every 30 females.

While the aid is considered necessary, it has raised at least some fears that handouts will backfire. Many Nepalis have shown over the years that they prefer using open fields to using smelly pit latrines. In fact, giving away or having the government construct toilets has been a singularly unsuccessful strategy in much of South Asia, where people often turn government toilets into storage rooms or simply abandon them altogether.

So Nepal began a series of initiatives to persuade and sometimes shame residents into spending their own money to build toilets, figuring the expenditure would give the people more of an investment in the modern convenience. Most areas lack running water, and the toilets are usually outhouses with pour-flush systems. The strategy was especially successful in the country’s hilly and mountainous districts — precisely the ones most affected by the earthquake.
Arun Simkhad, the district water and sanitation chief, said the area had been tantalizingly close to having all its residents use toilets when the quake undid the progress. “We only had about 300 households out of 60,600 in the district that still didn’t have toilets,” said Mr. Simkhad, sitting in a thatch pagoda outside his destroyed district office. He has not given up, though.“People are going to rebuild their homes,” Mr. Simkhad said. “And when they do, we are asking them to build a toilet as well.”

Sanitation experts said they were uncertain whether Sindhupalchok’s residents, with jobs now scarce, would be able to afford to rebuild toilets without financial or construction assistance. And while some worried that would lead people not to value the toilets, others suggest that will no longer be a problem. “They’ve already built toilets once. I’m sure the habits are ingrained now,” said Payden, a regional water and sanitation adviser for the World Health Organization who, like many South Asians, uses only one name. “So I don’t think they’ll abandon facilities built by external donors or governments.” But getting residents to even discuss toilets has been difficult in recent days, she said. “If you’re not bringing tents or food, people in these hard-hit areas can get angry and even aggressive,” Ms. Payden said. “Some water and sanitation assessors have had to leave villages.”

In interviews, many residents of Sindhupalchok also said that getting a toilet was the least of their worries.
Saili, 25, of Selang, said that her 2-year-old son had died and that she had been buried up to her waist when her home, like every other in her village, collapsed. Now, she and her two surviving children live in a makeshift shelter of branches along with four other families. “We really need a tent and some food,” she said. “A toilet? I don’t know. Not really.”

Nepal Pledges to Rebuild Schools and Roads Within Two Years of Quake

By REUTERS. MAY 9th, 2015

KATHMANDU — Nepal’s prime minister pledged on Friday to repair public buildings, schools and infrastructure within two years of the 7.8 earthquake that struck the country last month.

“The government will reconstruct damaged public buildings, roads, schools, hospitals, telecom facilities, power houses, and colleges in two years,” Prime Minister Sushil Koirala said in an address to parliament.

He also said the government would provide loans of up to $25,000 (16,166 pounds) at an interest rate of 2 percent for the reconstruction of private homes.

The announcement comes after the country’s worst earthquake in more than 80 years, shortly before noon on April 25.

At least 7,903 people were killed, nearly 18,000 injured, and more than 541,000 buildings damaged.

The government said the cost of the first phase of reconstruction would be $2 billion and it had set aside $200 million towards that.

For the balance, the government has appealed for donations from foreign countries, aid agencies and Nepali people themselves.

Koirala said authorities would prepare estimates of the full cost of reconstruction once the extent of the damage has been ascertained. Nepal is planning to convene a donors’ meeting shortly to request aid for reconstruction.

On Friday, aid groups were still trying to reach many remote communities with relief supplies by air and by road to ensure food and shelter as the yearly monsoon approached.

Authorities will provide temporary shelter in public buildings to people who do not want to return to their homes, the prime minister said. Religious and historic sites and monuments will be rebuilt in the next five years.

(Reporting by Gopal Sharma; Writing by Krista Mahr; Editing by Andrew Roche)