About: Health Emergency Operation Centre (HEOC)

Coordination and information management becomes a major challenge in the event of or immediately following a large scale disaster. To address this issue, Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) established the National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC) in December 2010 as a coordination and communication point for disaster information across Nepal. In the same line and with the objective of further strengthening the health sector response capacity, EHA WHO proposed to establish Health Emergency Operation Centre as a central command and control facility for the effective administration of emergency preparedness and disaster management in any emergency situation. As a result, MoHP, in 2012, decided (Secretary level decision, dated 12 January 2012) to establish HEOC within the MoHP premises.

HEOC will operate under the Curative Service Division and function as a high level operational centre for the MoHP’s various divisions, such as Department of Health Services particularly Epidemiology and Disease Control Division. HEOC will host necessary resources and data for effective coordination and response during emergencies. During emergency, the centre will function 24/7 with trained and dedicated staff. HEOC will be equipped with communication material such as telephone, mobile, internet, satellite phones, etc. In addition, it will consist of all information technology for communicating and coordinating with NEOC, Central Referral Hospitals, Regional hospitals, etc. so that HEOC can update data regularly and coordinate disaster response appropriately.

In addition to the immediate response and management of health related implication of any disaster, HEOC will also play a pivotal role in maintaining operational linkages between health sector preparedness and response mechanism and the existing and emerging institutions/mechanisms of community, district, regional and the central level disaster risk management initiatives. For example, HEOC as the operational hub during emergency and non-emergency setting, will build on and update the policies, strategies, planning tools, database etc for the health sector emergency preparedness, response and rehabilitation.

About: Humanitarian-Military Operations Coordination Centre (HuMOCC)

The Humanitarian-Military Operations Coordination Centre (HuMOCC) is established as part of the Nepal Earthquake response operation. Meetings will take place on Monday, Wednesday and Friday at the Multinational Military Coordination Center (MNMCC) at 8.30am. The HuMOCC objective is to provide a predictable humanitarian-military coordination platform. Complementary to the OSOCC, the HuMOCC aims to provide the physical space dedicated to facilitating the interface between humanitarian and military actors present in country. This is the “space” where humanitarian capacity gaps during the critical period emanating from the OSOCC, Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) or clusters could be temporarily filled-up by available military capacity.

The HuMOCC will also serve as a one-stop shop for information-sharing and update, task sharing and division, and shared/joint planning on humanitarian needs and gaps (actual, anticipated or projected) and available military capacity on the ground. The HuMOCC services are geared towards optimising the use of available military assets to support humanitarian priorities in critically affected locations. The HuMOCC will deliver the following services in support of the Government of Nepal to proactively address anticipated humanitarian-military operational coordination needs:

Provide a predictable and effective coordination mechanism on the ground that avoids the establishment of ad-hoc and/or intermediate civil-military coordination platforms that creates duplication, confusion and additional chaos;

Facilitate access to rapid and comprehensive assessment information that identify priorities, needs, and requirements that are made the basis of operational planning of national and international efforts, including the use of FMA;

Contribute to establishing a needs-based and demand-driven system that effectively and efficiently matches the requirements and gaps identified on the ground with appropriate foreign military assets and capacity;

Advise, as timely as possible, on the appropriate FMA to be deployed into the affected State and share priority locations for FMA deployment/coverage based on the NEOC’s priorities;

Contribute to achieving and maintaining common situational awareness that can be shared amongst all actors responding to the disaster in a coherent and systematic manner;

Facilitate effective and consistent sharing of information between humanitarian and military actors;

Raise awareness and understanding among humanitarian organisations and military actors of the humanitarian civil-military coordination (UN-CMCoord) function;

Facilitate identification of realistic indicators and benchmarks, including evaluation criteria and triggers for transition from military to civilian assets as well as drawdown and redeployment of military forces.

For further information, please contact the UN-CMCoord team at the following email address: cmcoordnepal@gmail.com

To report access or issues which impede the delivery of humanitarian assistance, or other securiy incidents, please use the dedicated form uploaded on this page and submit it to the following address: eqbottlenecks@un.org.np (cc: cmcoordnepal@gmail.com).

Handling Dead Bodies

Click here for the Nepali translation.

Proper Way to Handle Dead Human and Animal Bodies in the Aftermath of
Earthquake 2015

There appears to be a disproportionate fear about spread of diseases through decomposing dead bodies. But the facts state otherwise.

Here are some clarifications and recommendations:

  • Dead bodies do not cause epidemics.
  • There is a very minimal risk to public health from dead bodies. However, If leaked feces from dead bodies contaminate water sources that can increase disease as is applicable for any other forms of fecal water contamination. So purification of drinking water is very important, and the best way is boiling.
  • There is no value of spraying dead bodies with disinfectants or lime powder
  • Those who handle dead bodies should use precautions like gloves and masks to prevent acquisition of already existing diseases of the dead person.
  • Smell of dead bodies is unpleasant but it does not increase the risk of disease.
  • Priority should be saving those who might be alive and not rushing to dispose of dead bodies.
  • Mass cremation or mass burial of dead bodies should be avoided.
  • Should not rush to dispose of the bodies; identification and handing to family and loved ones by a due process should be the priority. That means retrieval and storage of dead bodies for the due process is important.
  • Temporary burial is an option to slow down decomposition of body where facilities for refrigeration don’t exist. Burial should be 1.5m deep, each body should be properly marked, at least 0.4 m should be left between bodies and should not be laid over one another.

It is urgent to collect and dispose of dead bodies when the community might be affected psychologically by seeing many of them, and not usually because of health related risks. This is especially the case with children.

Small note about dead animals:

  • Dead animals also possess very little public health hazard.
  • As a temporary measure, large animals can be sprayed with oil and covered with some dirt before the time and opportunity for full burial arises.
  • Use of gloves, if available, and washing hands with plenty of soap and water after handling dead animals is important.
  • Use of ways to avoid mosquito bites like insect repellants, mosquito nets (if available) when outdoors can prevent mosquito borne illnesses in these conditions, as emergencies such as natural disasters may lead to more mosquitoes.
  • On site burial is the easiest and least expensive method. Open burning is other choice of option. Composting works well for poultry disposal in natural disasters but is a slow process.

Note: This information is based on publications from the World Health Organization (WHO), International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Pan American Health Organization, CDC (Center for Disease control and Prevention) and USDA (United States Department of Agriculture)

Sritika Thapa MD
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine,
Baltimore, Maryland

Subarna Dhital MD
Eastern Maine Medical Center
Bangor, Maine.


Very Useful Resources from Nepali Times


Giving to the living

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  • Tundikhel, Kathmandu Navraj Bhandari: 9843478995
  • Khulamanch, Kathmandu Khumraj Punjali: 9851015011
  • Dasrath Rangashala Stadium, Kathmandu Dipendra Sharma: 9841484335
  • Halchowk, Kathmandu Shanka Prasad Adhikari: 9851124753
  • Sankha Park Ringroad, Kathmandu Vishwa Prakash Pandit: 9851031149
  • Narayan Chaur, Kathmandu, Shridhar Gautam: 9851095200 or Narbhadur Rajwar: 9841339292
  • Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Rajan Khanal: 9851106244
  • Balambu, Kathmandu Lok Darshan Regmi: 98415555741
  • Khumaltar, Kathmandu, Beshraj Sharma: 9851130365
  • Sano Gaucharan, Kathmandu Madhav Prasad Regmi: 9841068328
  • Jawalakhel, Patan Laxman Prasad Mainali: 9851147128
  • St Xavier’s School, Patan Bhola Prasad Shiwakoti: 9851109320
  • Pulchok Engineering College, Patan Dhanbhadur Tamang: 9851105991
  • Kirtipur Mohdutt Timilsina: 9841028792
  • Bhaktapur Darsbar Square Krishna Chand Poudel: 9851147128
  • Tinkune, Sallaghari, Bhaktapur Tankamani Sharma: 9851065900
  • Saraswati Secondary School, Kamalvinayak, Bhaktapur Thok Prasad Shiwakoti: 9841376930



  • Donate clothes, blanket or volunteer with a click. www.nepalshare.org
  • Donate food, medicine and reconstruction materials for heavily damaged villages. Yagraraj Maharjan for Bungamati and Khokana, 9841490611 Dhwoj Bahadur Gurung for Barpak in Gorkha, 9849230700


  • Distribution of free noodles. Chaudhary Group Noodle Factory, Bhaisepati, Bhusan Gurung, 9851077802
  • Drinking water, delivered by tanker anywhere within the Kathmandu Valley. Nepal Police Headquarters, Naxal, (01)4412780
  • Distribution of bottled water, Dasrath Stadium
  • Food and water, distributed by local ministries.
    • Ministry of Agriculture, (01)4211905, (01)4211950, (01)4211697
    • Ministry of Commerce and Supply, (01)4211631
    • Ministry of Urban Development, (01)4211673


  • Plastic sheets, ropes and bamboos for construction of toilets at Tundikhel. Ishan: 9851016445
  • Tent, blankets and medicine needed in Gorkha. Subhash Ghimire: 9851194247


  • IMPACT Nepal is looking for volunteers to distribute tents, food, water purification tabs, medical supplies to the 4500 residents of Duwakot, Dhading. 9841519660
  • Volunteers are invited to register into a database before being assigned tasks. Volunteers should wear comfortable shoes, rain wear, carry water and bring their own transport if possible. Everyday 10.30am, The Yellow House, Sanepa, 9741311750 www.youcaring.com
  • Volunteers required for cleanups. Clean Up Nepal, 9841381046, info@cleanupnepal.org.np
  • Bir Hospital Trauma Centre needs volunteers as well as water supply. 9851090730
  • Teaching Hospital needs volunteers with or without medical skills. Aman Pandey: 9848557560


  • Ujyalo Foundation is distributing water purifiers, oral rehydration packages, women sanitary items, baby wipes, anti diarrheal medications, and first aid kits. Sony KC: 9851160203, Avinash Jha: 9851237070, Watsal Rajbhandari: 9803002203, Amuda Mishra: 9813791459
  • Doctors from B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS) are providing care in Gorkha.Santosh Chaudhary: 9852056887, Girish Dahal: 9813560280, Madhur Basnet: 9852056415, Surya Rimal: 9857045671
  • 24 hours medicine supply in Kathmandu. Prasit Kadel: 9851133822, Shailesh Sharma: 9851017553
  • Health care by local ministries.
    • Ministry of Health and Population: (01)4262543, (01)4262802, (01)4262696, (01)4267376
    • Ministry of Home Affairs: (01)4211208, (01)4211214
    • Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development: (01)4200000, (01)4200309
  • Road Clearing by local ministries,
    • Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport: (01)4211782, (01)4211931, (01)4211732, (01)4211655
    • Ministry of Home Affairs: (01)4211208, (01)4211214
  • Disposal of animal carcasses, Kathmandu Metropolitan City Clean Nepal, Padam Thapa, (01)4279713, 9818302920
  • Waste disposal, Sisdol dumping site is in operation since 30 April, for sanitation related issues within Kathmandu (01)4227240, (01)4231719


  • Nepal Engineering Council and other practicing professionals will assess affected buildings free-of-cost. (01)5010252
  • Nepal Armed Police Force: 1114
    • Ministry of Home Affairs: (01)4211208, (01)4211214
    • Ministry of Defence: (01)4211289
    • Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport: (01)4211782, (01)4211931, (01)4211732, (01)4211655
    • Department of Tourism: (01)4247037, (01)4256228, (01)4256231, (01)4256232
  • Tent and shelter management by local ministries.
    • Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, (01)4200000, (01)4200309
    • Ministry of Urban Development, (01)4211673
    • Ministry of Physical Infrastructure and Transport, (01)4211782, (01)4211931, (01)4211732, (01)4211655
    • Ministry of Defence, (01)4211289

Teaching Hospital Disaster Relief Fund

T.U. Teaching Hospital is a non profitable hospital situated in Kathmandu. It is the central referral hospital and deals with all type of diseases.
At present it is dealing with the patients affected by the recently hit earthquake. At this time we welcome all helps to us either with medical instruments used for operation, medicine or cash. We have opened an account with Himalayan Bank to help all needed at this situation.

Account Name: TUTH Disaster Relief Fund
Account Number: “00205631170014”
Bank: Himalayan Bank, Maharajgunj Branch

Situation Reports

Search/filter options for reports available at links
Source: Various

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA)
Nepal Operations Information

UN OCHA Humanitarian Response
Situation Reports
Assessment Reports

UN OCHA: Relief Web
Situation Reports

Government of Nepal: Key Figures (Home Ministry and Nepal Police)
Key Government Figures – Latest updates
Use tabs at bottom of file

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

Nepal Earthquake Info
Earthquake Briefs

USAID: Nepal Earthquake
Fact Sheets-Status Updates

Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology
Situation Reports

Humanity Road- Nepal:
Social Media Situation Reports

Archived: Situation Reports
April 25th – May 15th, 2015

Archived: Assessments
April 25th – May 15th, 2015

Ongoing Efforts and Tools

These are some of the ongoing efforts that we know about :

Aggregation of information related to the quake:  http://www.onestopportal.org .

Geo-mapping of needs and supplies: http://www.kathmandulivinglabs.org/earthquake/

“One-stop shop” for coordination within Nepal: http://leadnepal.com/earthquake/

Location of camps and open spaces in Kathmandu: http://bit.ly/1QByC5E

Here are some useful tools:

Available Resources: http://kaha.co/

Live Aftershock Map: National Seismological Center

Person Finder: Google Person Finder

Safety Check: Facebook

Map of food, water, shelter and medical resources: Google Maps